Vba Set Variable To Cell Reference

VBA Lesson 2-6: VBA for Excel for the Cells, Rows and Columns Here is some code to move around and work with the components (rows, columns, cells and their values and formulas) of a worksheet. The Excel Range Object is an object in Excel VBA that represents a cell, row, column, a selection of cells or a 3 dimensional range. This post looks how a slicer can be controlled through VBA. VBA Outlook reference to Excel and assigning category. VBA - Quick Guide - VBA stands for Visual Basic for Applications an event-driven programming language from Microsoft that is now predominantly used with Microsoft office applicatio. When I set the Range as (D20:F30). value 'assing the variable the value of cell > > For more,post your questions on. I'm not a SQL expert, so excuse me if my SQL syntax is wrong, but it should give you the idea. Detailed explanations and code examples you can use today. The SheetDeleted code will then loop through the Sheets Names in Transmittal Log Column A and try to set an Object variable to each sheet. Find to look for a specific cell. Set Cell Value. This article provides a couple of examples of how to use the Excel solver and call it using a VBA macro. Follow this article to have more knowledge of VBA cells concept. Chapter 3: Understanding VBA Variables. Declaring variables means that you give VBA a heads up that it needs to free up some memory space for your variables. VBA has several methods to store data: - a Dictionary - a Collection - an array (matrix) variable - an ActiveX ComboBox - an ActiveX ListBox - a Userform control ComboBox - a Userform control ListBox - a sortedlist - an arraylist Which one to use is dependent of your ultimate goal. In today’s tutorial, we’re going to show you how to use the Offset function in VBA, to select a cell or a range of cells. Creating Date Variables. On the other hand, [record_index] is a named range pointing at a cell on the worksheet. In this example, we will declare three types of variables string, joining date and currency. I have set a variable to the ActiveCell and I wish to pick up the cell reference (eg E3) rather than the value. setting a variable range in vba please can you help me to create a range, using vba - the top left hand corner of the range is fixed, but the number of co. If you were referring to a number, we would not need to add the Set parameter. VBA Read Values from Range to an Array in Excel. This can be tricky, the user has to grant permission for VBA code to access any VB projects. If you are in cell D254, the code above will reference the cell F254 and read its value into the variable strMyValue. Interacting with Microsoft Excel. ' Assumes that no reference is made to an Excel COM server Dim oExcel As Object Set oExcel = CreateObject ("Excel. Thread starter Nravota; Start date Jul 8 On a first glance the txt variable should have the address, and assigning the category seems to be correct, too. If there’s no reference, there’s nothing to break. > You can create a variable in VBA and assign it the value of the cell > using the activeccell. name - just replace the "A" with whatever column you'd like. excel-vba documentation: Saving a reference to a cell in a variable. We can declare and assign any object to a variable. Evitez de nommer les variables en utilisant des mots clés ou instructions réservés par Excel (par exemple Val, Left). Value, we would be setting [switch_to_record] to the same cell reference, and NOT to a hard constant value. Refer to cells by using a Range object. So I thought perhaps I could declare and set a recordset, in Access, and get a pointer to the recordset (or table) object - store its memory address somewhere that Excel can reference it - such as in a cell (at this point there is a reference to that Excel object in Access's memory). Method 1: Range reference Method 2: Cells reference Method 3: 2 variables. Existing Message: In addition to the value that is retrieved from a cell, the VBA code also has an existing message that it will display. Count 'I'm storing the Named Range's name and address as strings to use below rngName = ClctNames(n). Excel VBA Set "Set", is a keyword used in VBA programming to assign a reference to an object or cell range which is going to remain fix throughout the program or code in Excel. If the reference is no longer needed, then delete it. Save a global variable in an Excel workbook. Hi guys, Hopefully a rather simple VBA question, but still stumping me somehow! I want it to check if a value is between two other set values, and if it is, return a specific value. There is no more to it than that in the strict definition of the term. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. Monday, August 3, 2009 by Jon Peltier You have to reference the cell, and test its formula. You can use MyData in any formula that expects a reference, as I show in cell B6 in this figure and in the previous one. After you set a reference to the worksheet, you can use its. As a worksheet function, the TIMEVALUE function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet. The path will be stored in the variable strPath: Sub Example2() Dim intChoice As Integer Dim strPath As String. Set up the following four Integer variables, first:. Cells(3, 1). Hopefully, these simples examples have helped you fathom out the essence of relative and absolute cell references in Excel. After you create a user-defined data type, you use a Dim statement to declare a variable as that type. For i = 1, Excel VBA colors the cell at the intersection of row 1 and column 8. Application") More info about CreateObject. Here’s how you can make use of them in ways you probably never imagined. Microsoft Excel reference: Worksheet Rows Property. This is far more efficient than selecting the cell two columns to the right, processing your data, then remembering to select two columns to the left and continue. 0 Library from the reference in your code; If you do not know how to add reference in the code, you may read following post. Is it possible to assign a variable value to a specific cell in a workbook? For example in workbook "a" i want to paste generated variables into cells a1,a2,a3,a4,a5,a6. address to get a cell string in A1 format. name - just replace the "A" with whatever column you'd like. Learn that VBA lets you create custom, or user-defined, data types. The References property returns the set of references in a project. Proper Variable naming is one of the most important skills you can develop. I would like to be able to insert a "variable" into a cell reference. And because this is a dynamic range name, you could change the Rows value to 2 in cell B1, and the Width value to 2. A user-defined data type can ease your work with some types of data. A cell reference refers to a cell or a range of cells on a worksheet and can be used in a formula so that Microsoft Office Excel can find the values or data that you want that formula to calculate. Home > Formulas, Data, & VBA > Excel Range Names How to Create and Use Dynamic Range Names in Excel Dynamic range names in Excel are easy to use and give your formulas more power. A variable is a storage container that holds changing information. com - Excel® VBA Notes for Professionals 5 Section 1. value property You can assign value when you track the cell with value Your code could be. VBA cell references allow the user to tell Excel where to look for the data it needs. Displaying the results in a message box and writing the result to a cell or a. I would like to be able to insert a "variable" into a cell reference. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Back to top. After you create a user-defined data type, you use a Dim statement to declare a variable as that type. This is part 2 of the article series - 8 ways to return multiple values from a VBA function. Yes, we can make Dynamic Chart Title by Linking and Reference to a Cell in Excel. This is an important concept: if you create multiple object variables and assign them to a single object, the variables all refer to the same object, they are not multiple copies of the object. When you are working with VBA inside Excel, it is more than likely that you will be automating some sort of changes to a worksheet inside your file. The cell references need to be enclosed in double quotes. This object can be a range of cells, sheet, workbook or any other Excel object. Now, we will try to read the selected value from the dropdown list using Excel VBA. In Excel workbooks, these cell references are automatically updated. Someone else wrote it and its all over the place. They’re one of the core parts of the language, in fact. Since Excel is ultimately used for displaying related data in spreadsheet cells, one of the core features of VBA in Excel is to assign values to those cells after calculations. Aside from the other typically overcautious lines from the macro recorder (thank goodness the xlPinYin method was set!) these cell references are the bits that will cause you problems. Value, we would be setting [switch_to_record] to the same cell reference, and NOT to a hard constant value. Written by co-founder Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist. vba > questions > use a variable to reference a Access / VBA Questions. The Form variable type is used to refer to a form. A user-defined data type can ease your work with some types of data. You can create a variable in VBA and assign it the value of the cell using the activeccell. Offset(0,-1). In the SETDemo procedure, object variables to reference a worksheet and a range are used in. After an object is created, you reference it in code by using the object variable you defined. Without a data type declaration, VBA defaults to the Variant data type which can hold any type of data and can slow your code down aswell as reserve more memory than is always necessary. VBA provides two object variable types that are useful when referring to forms and controls. VBA, Excel-Copy value only of cells from one worksheet to another worksheet If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Here is a link to some code that shows you to protect/unprotect in VBA when passwords are involved: Excel-VBA : Range – Lock/Unlock Specific Cells […]. For the same logically related data, it allows you to define a single variable, instead of defining more than one variable. Value = "John" which changes the variable’s. Excel Range Merge function Merged cells are. Interacting with Microsoft Excel. Existing Message: In addition to the value that is retrieved from a cell, the VBA code also has an existing message that it will display. The pattern is easy to see: All the references are wrapped in a single set of quotes and each reference is separated from the others with a comma character. These scope specifiers can be used to set the visibility/scope of a variable in Excel VBA. Related Articles: ByRef and ByVal Arguments | When an argument is passed as a ByRef argument to a different sub or function, the reference of the actual variable is sent. Here it is Code: Sub Attach_your_last_saved_file () 'set a reference to the scripting object Dim fso As Scripting. In this particular case, Visual Basic for Applications returns a cell that is 1 row below and 1 column to the right of cell A1. How to Declare Variables. Activate End Sub. Right now I have: What I don't have is a value set for CAT1. kinder garden, primary, secondary, high school, etc. I want to define something like: function mycell(ref) mycell = range(ref). Using Range we can read multiple values from one column or from multiple columns or rows. Select is a method of the Range object and selects the cells/range specified in the Range object. The code lines between For and Next will be executed twelve times. The best way to do it is to use a Range or Cells reference if you can. So, I want to do something like: Dim · Below there are 2 different methods. Thread starter Nravota; Start date Jul 8 On a first glance the txt variable should have the address, and assigning the category seems to be correct, too. Set Cell Value. Names should be Clear, Combine contiguous spreadsheet cell references into larger ranges. You could set the value of a variable by the cell with code. Find value in Range, Sheet or Sheets with VBA. Macros Code:Sub btnRefresh_Click() Dim W As Worksheet: Set W = ActiveSheet 'Find last row in worksheet. In this ArticleVBA Range / Cell AddressGet Range AddressGet Cells AddressActiveCell AddressSet Variable to Cell AddressGet Row Number From Cell Address VBA Range / Cell Address Get Range Address This will display the cell address using the Range object: [crayon-5e6567ffbebac324724788/] Get Cells Address This will display the cell address using the Cells object: [crayon-5e6567ffbebb2420549996. Excel VBA Range Object: 18 Useful Ways Of Referring To Cell Ranges. The Excel Range is also a Worksheet property that returns a subset of its cells. I'm wanting to use vba to add an indirect formula in a range of cells with a lastrow variable. Many, if not most, procedures accept input parameters that are used to calculate the result of a function or otherwise direct the action of a procedure. VBA Declare Assign Workbook Object to a Variable. I want to define something like: function mycell(ref) mycell = range(ref). Now, we will try to read the selected value from the dropdown list using Excel VBA. ClearComments End Sub Clear comments from a range. To know the data type of the variable: Function Get_Variable_Type(myVar. In the following example, you access properties and methods of the new object by using the object variable, ExcelSheet, and other Microsoft Excel objects, including the Application object and the Cells collection. Curiously the macro does not work if you combine the 6 th and 7 th lines of code to:. Declaring variables means that you give VBA a heads up that it needs to free up some memory space for your variables. Note that my Excel file has date data in column F (Created At) and time data in column G (Created Time); hence I have made few changes in below code to change the format of the cell; Add Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2. This is great if you are basing the column reference on a formula result, variable, or cell's value. In Excel workbooks, these cell references are automatically updated. We can use it to set/create a formula for a single cell or range of cells. Hi, I'm trying to parse through some financial data in Sheet1, and populate other sheets based on criteria. This is part 2 of the article series - 8 ways to return multiple values from a VBA function. It's best practice to declare your Excel VBA variables before you use them. If the range consists of more than one cell, VBA returns True only if all cells in the range contain a formula, or False if all cells in the range don't have a formula. 11 VBA I want to use a keyin to place a parametric solid based on a parameter set name generated by the VBA user-interface. In section 2 you will learn all the VBA vocabulary that is essential to work with business data (accounting, sales, production and others). Curiously the macro does not work if you combine the 6 th and 7 th lines of code to:. I am newb at excel, but after I RTFM I still have no working solution for this. To know the data type of the variable: Function Get_Variable_Type(myVar. First we set the variable cellRange to A2. Dive into using VBA in Excel - [Instructor] There are two main ways to show a user the results of a VBA procedure. You can run you program now. An object is a special type of variable that contains both data and codes. You also might use an offset: While ActiveCell. Access VBA to Import a CSV File with Variable Name Below is the VBA to import a CSV file, where the file name has a date suffix that changes every day. This is part 2 of the article series - 8 ways to return multiple values from a VBA function. 18 different ways to creating references to cell ranges in Excel VBA that work. address to get a cell string in A1 format. Use the Option Explicit statement on first line of a module to force all variables to be declared before usage (see. To use the new object-oriented API in VBA, you must first add a reference to the type library for the Analytic Solver Platform COM server. Let's use the problem from Example 2 above. The only time this issue can become a problem is when you delete a Range object that you have previously set a VBA object variable to reference. The following example will show you how to write the data to Worksheet Cell using Cell Object. Instead, a reference to the object is created. You copy formulas from a range of cells to other cells in the same column or row to perform the same action. In Excel VBA any cell, or block of cells, is referred to as a range. In this ArticleVBA Range / Cell AddressGet Range AddressGet Cells AddressActiveCell AddressSet Variable to Cell AddressGet Row Number From Cell Address VBA Range / Cell Address Get Range Address This will display the cell address using the Range object: [crayon-5e6567ffbebac324724788/] Get Cells Address This will display the cell address using the Cells object: [crayon-5e6567ffbebb2420549996. In Excel with Sheet1 cell A1 selected, in the toolbar name box 'A1' is changed to "variable" name 'Employee'. I want to select column C and the row number will be the number that is in cell F14. I have tried several variations of Range(returnvalue & j) and continue to get various runtime errors based on the. Using them can get very confusing. Learn that VBA lets you create custom, or user-defined, data types. In VBA we use a reference of active cell to change the properties or values of the active cell. Value property. (Tools > References)Insert macros code. However, our remaining variables are object variables, which are a little bit more tricky. In MicroSation V8. Next, create my column headers for the data. For example, in the below code, I use VBA to add a new workbook and then assign that workbook to the variable wb. When I set the Range as (D20:F30). The property returns a Null if there is a mixture of formulas and non-formulas. Set up the following four Integer variables, first:. VBA Set basically helps us in avoiding repetitive input of range we need to select while executing the code. You can use Set statement to assign Workbook Object to a variable. I have some larger routines in which I use the closed reference often, so I often have a variable anyway containing that reference. If you’re going to be deleting ranges (as opposed to clearing them) in a loop then be sure to use a backwards working For…Each loop instead of a forward working For Each…Next loop. If you're in vba, use a for loop. In VBA, as in any programming language Variables and Constants are names that represent values. In MicroSation V8. Address '--Should I. To save a reference to a cell in a variable, you must use the Set syntax, for example:. Value property. In VBA, you can assign an object to a variable, and then use the variable to refer to that object. Not the underlying table or query, but the filtered, currently view recordset. However, any VBA code containing cell references is not automatically updated. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Microsoft Access / VBA Forums on Bytes. Range(ActiveCell, ActiveCell. We can read values from Range, Cell, or Table to Arrays. Activate I want to replace the 20 (meaning row 20) with a variable from a named cell. Then we said cellRange. VBA HELP: For Each Next or Loop addition to my code: I have a variable, named C, that's referencing a cell value. Here we discuss how to set the range of excel cells that can be used for reference through VBA code along with examples and downloadable excel template. I have a list/table on a sheet; and would like to reference that sheet in various cells, based on the list. VBA DIM: How to Declare Variables in VBA. Following are the basic rules for naming a variable. Select Next. I added in some extra lines to find the first cell that has data in it, and wrote a function to find the “Actual” used range in a sheet. If you are a member of the VBA Vault, then click on the image below to access the webinar and the associated source code. Value converts the underlying double-precision value into a VBA date or currency variable before passing it to the VBA variable used in the assignment statement. Author Info | References. Thread starter Nravota; Start date Jul 8 On a first glance the txt variable should have the address, and assigning the category seems to be correct, too. I would like to be able to insert a "variable" into a cell reference. If you do not add it you can not use the 'Reference' variable type and you have to declare your reference variable as an Object or Variant. (to the left of the formula bar) the cell reference it found, if any, for the string you searched on in the given range of cells, but you would have to hit the right arrow and. GetOpenFilename 'They have cancelled. Next, create my column headers for the data. The user has control over several other settings like the type of chart to output, the chart’s background color, the plot area background color, and the chart’s title. An easy way to set this up is to first record all the steps used to set up and run the solver. Cells(3, 1). Apart from cells and ranges, working with worksheets is another area you should know about to use VBA efficiently in Excel. If the range consists of more than one cell, VBA returns True only if all cells in the range contain a formula, or False if all cells in the range don't have a formula. In MicroSation V8. In this VBA Tutorial, you learn how to set a cell's or cell range's value and get a cell's or cell range's value. Showing the Scope of a Variable. Activate End Sub. VBA Read Values from Range to an Array. Create a cell Reference from vba variables Is it possible to select a cell if the cell definition is contained in 2 vba variables? For example if you have a variables L and j. However, when the following files save, the file name is not reflecting the change in cell I1. We can declare and assign any object to a variable. Once this cell is found, the code can use the cell reference of the "last cell" to determine the last row and column. See attached file. So it is convenient to use that, and it is very helpful I find, to use. To Record a Solver Macro: Choose the target cell, design variables, and constraints and press the Solve button. I am currently trying to open and save individual sheets in a workbook with the following code: Dim sFileName As String 'Show the open dialog and pass the selected _ file name To the String variable "sFileName" sFileName = Application. ' Assumes that no reference is made to an Excel COM server Dim oExcel As Object Set oExcel = CreateObject ("Excel. I can activate the command and the appropriate feature solid using the command keyin. something end function That works if I call it from a spreadsheet formula in the form mycell("A1"). Often times we want to reference a column with numbers instead of letters in VBA. FileSystemObject Dim strFile As String Dim fsoFile As Scripting. Aside from the other typically overcautious lines from the macro recorder (thank goodness the xlPinYin method was set!) these cell references are the bits that will cause you problems. True to return the row part of the reference as an absolute reference. The Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) programming language allows you to automate routine tasks in Excel—and it's not as hard to learn as most people think. You will learn to create the different types of Excel VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) Variable Data Types. Store the location of the active cell and then return it to the stored location. VBA - Variables. The 6 th line selects the variable shformula, and the 7 th line assigns the reference of the cell that is located on the top left corner of the shape, to the shape's formula. GetOpenFilename 'They have cancelled. Related Articles: ByRef and ByVal Arguments | When an argument is passed as a ByRef argument to a different sub or function, the reference of the actual variable is sent. You can accomplish this task by using the Range object in VBA to select the cell you want to change. Proper Variable naming is one of the most important skills you can develop. Sorry I think I confused the question at the end I mean basically: The cell has a value in it finding the end value of the activecell and inserting a variables value into that. If you want to experiment with using the Solver on financial models, you could try it out on one of my financial calculators such as the Home Mortgage Calculator. "expression" is a variable representing a VBA Range object. When writing VB code, you can use variables, for loops, and all other VB types and statements. As a VBA function, you can use this function in macro code that is entered through the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor. Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is an implementation of Microsoft's event-driven programming language Visual Basic 6, which was declared legacy in 2008, and its associated integrated development environment (IDE). VBA Declare Assign Workbook Object to a Variable in Excel. Excel Range Merge function Merged cells are. There is not a set number of rows for sheet 1. Since Variant is the default datatype you can refrain from explicitly specifying the datatype. It doesn't check the format of your cells so it doesn't try to store your elements as dates or currencies. If you are in cell D254, the code above will reference the cell F254 and read its value into the variable strMyValue. You can get immediate access to these example workbooks by subscribing to the Power Spreadsheets Newsletter. VBA Excel: How to format some of the characters inside a cell. There are several ways to use the property. Beginners in VBA programming are encouraged to go through the prior lessons in this series if they had not already done so. I have tried several variations of Range(returnvalue & j) and continue to get various runtime errors based on the. As a VBA function, you can use this function in macro code that is entered through the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor. Set Rng = Range("A1") Rng. Extract References of a VBA Project. VBA Outlook reference to Excel and assigning category. For i = 2, Excel VBA colors the cell at the intersection of row 2 and column 8, etc. Based on the selection in the dropdown list the cell link value in ‘I1’ changes. The procedure below works but brings back the value rather than reference. defines the variable shformula as the object formula that we are defining. Create a named range in VBA that is dynamic. So, what the INDIRECT function actually does in this example is converting a text string into a cell reference. How to work with Object Library references via VBA. VBA Lesson 2-6: VBA for Excel for the Cells, Rows and Columns Here is some code to move around and work with the components (rows, columns, cells and their values and formulas) of a worksheet. This is scrrun. End user will type in value in cell B4 (Region) and value in cell B5 (Department). I would like to be able to insert a "variable" into a cell reference. But I want to call it in the form mycell(A1) -- no quotes -- so that mycell() is recomputed if A1 changes. There are several ways to use the property. VBA Listing 5. In Excel with Sheet1 cell A1 selected, in the toolbar name box 'A1' is changed to "variable" name 'Employee'. The reason I need it is that my program is spread out into several modules. Cells(r, 1). This document. VBA Declare Assign Workbook Object to a Variable. Add a Loop. It can be one cell or multiple cells. Use the following Table of Contents to navigate to the. You copy formulas from a range of cells to other cells in the same column or row to perform the same action. 2) The reason I use RefreshScreen is to call DoEvents so the program doesn't look hung, and also to update a timer label I have on my UserForm. First of all to make your life easier I suggest to add Microsoft Visual Basic for Application Extensibility Library reference to your project. Select menu choice Tools -> References. Hi guys, Hopefully a rather simple VBA question, but still stumping me somehow! I want it to check if a value is between two other set values, and if it is, return a specific value. For example, I named cell Z100 as "XRow". The date reference is fine because it is referring to a static cell. It is an accessor property (that is, a property that returns an object of the same type as the property name). When the ShowResult variable is called, it assigns a value to the variable. In Excel VBA any cell, or block of cells, is referred to as a range. let me discuss one simple example. Active cell means the specific cell which is active in the current active worksheet. However, the real benefit of late binding – i. Smitty's post show show you can protect/unprotect ranges via VBA code. Check Require Variable Declaration. If you think this still has very little practical sense, please bear with me and I will show you some more formulas that reveal the real power of the Excel INDIRECT function. So, what the INDIRECT function actually does in this example is converting a text string into a cell reference. Excel VBA code reference. Basically I need it to run the formula =COUNTIF(F2:F1000,"x") and set it as the variable CAT1. Select ' Selection. UsedRange 'For each name (n) in the collection For n = 1 To ClctNames. To do this: With Excel open, press Alt-F11 to open the VBA Editor. I would like to be able to change the label caption for the various command buttons to equal a value entered into a cell on the worksheet. kinder garden, primary, secondary, high school, etc. To use cell references: Follow step 1 through step 6 in the preceding procedure. (Note: Website members have access to the full webinar archive. By switching between the various types of cell reference, you can also control which cells are linked to if you move the external reference. Reference Pivot Fields and Pivot Items in an Excel Pivot Table, using VBA This section explains how to access, reference, select or use Pivot Fields and Pivot Items in a Pivot Table, viz. VBA: Variables in Cell References. The cLoc variable is a Range object, and we'll use it to refer to a cell in the LocationList range on the worksheet. To allow the user to set the number of data bars we use a variable (chartNumBars) and concatenate the number passed through the variable within the Range declaration. Repeat until all values in range have been completed. However, most of your code will be dealing with values stored in cells and ranges. Hopefully, these simples examples have helped you fathom out the essence of relative and absolute cell references in Excel. The cell references need to be enclosed in double quotes. Source file: variable_exercise. Part 1: Using By Reference argument, collection, and dictionary object. You can use MyData in any formula that expects a reference, as I show in cell B6 in this figure and in the. Now VBA is a fun hobby and I’ve helped lots of people automate daily tasks and turn small projects into big ones with bots over the past 6 years. XRow now contains the number 7, which can change any time according to formula. VBA provides two object variable types that are useful when referring to forms and controls. I'm trying to refresh my pivot table base on two cell values. In VBA, as in any programming language Variables and Constants are names that represent values. ClearComments End Sub Clear comments from a range. I think a better way to do it (it's easier to debug) is to write some VBA code that pulls the values from the worksheet cells and then you concatenate them to your SQL string. Otherwise, you'll use xCount. Working with Cells and Ranges. File Dim fsoFldr As Scripting. ByVal: If you pass an argument by value when calling a procedure the variable's value can be changed with in the procedure only outside the actual value of the variable is retained. WorkBooks objApp. Objects are the fundamental building blocks of Visual Basic.